# KnowledgeBase Archive

## Q185400: WD97: How to Set Up a Table as a Spreadsheet in Word

``````Article: Q185400
Product(s): Word 97 for Windows
Version(s):
Operating System(s):
Keyword(s): kbdta kbfield word97 kbtable

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- Microsoft Word 97 for Windows
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SUMMARY
=======

using tables and the Formula (=) field. In these spreadsheets, you can add,
subtract, multiply, and divide values entered in cells.

================

Referencing Cells
-----------------

Individual cells are referenced by column letter and row number in the form of
"A1" where A represents the column and 1 represents the row. For example, A2
refers to the cell located in the first column second row. To select a row only,
the syntax would be "2:2," and to select a column the syntax would be "A:A."

NOTE: All of the examples in this article refer to the following table and can be
placed in any blank cell in the table:

Row        Column
---       ---------
A   B   C
-------------
1      | 2 | 5 | 4 |
-------------
2      | 7 | 3 | 6 |
-------------
3      | 8 | 1 | 0 |
-------------
4      |   |   |   |
-------------

When you use this example, you can enter the sum of column A into the blank cell
A4 by following these steps:

1. Place the insertion point into the blank cell A4.

2. On the Table menu, click Formula.

3. Under Formula, an automated formula (=SUM(ABOVE)) is shown. You can delete
that entry and enter any type of formula as shown in the next section of this
article.

4. You can either leave the Number Format box blank or select an item on the
list.

5. Click OK.

Operations You Can Use to Manipulate Values in Cells
----------------------------------------------------

Use a formula      Result from
To do this                  similar to this    the sample
------------------------------------------------------------
Add a number to a cell      =(A1) + 3          5

-or-
=(A1+A2)

Add a range of cells        =SUM(B:B)          9

-or-
=SUM(B1:B3)

Subtraction:

Use a formula      Result from
To do this                    similar to this    the sample
------------------------------------------------------------
Subtract a number from a cell =(A1)- 3           1

Subtract two cells            =(A3-B2)           5

Multiplication:

Use a formula      Result from
To do this                       similar to this    the sample
---------------------------------------------------------------
Multiply a number by a cell      =(A1)* 3           6

Multiply two adjacent cells      =PRODUCT(A1:A2)    14

Multiply two non-adjacent cells  =PRODUCT(A1,A3)    16

Multiply a range of cells        =PRODUCT(B:B)      15
-or-
=PRODUCT(B1:B2)

Division:

Use a formula    Result from
To do this                      similar to this  the sample
------------------------------------------------------------
Divide a number by a cell       =(A1)/3         .67

Divide two cells                =C2/A1           3

Referring to Cells
------------------

Syntax:

Unlike earlier versions of Word, individual cell references do not need to be
enclosed in brackets and parentheses. However, cell ranges, which are separated
with a colon such as (A1:A6), must be enclosed in parentheses.

Referencing Cell Ranges:

If the cells are in a contiguous block (they cover a rectangular area), you can
shorten the reference to them. For instance, the eight-cell area from A1 to D2
can be referenced as A1:D2.

When you add or multiply nonadjacent cells, you can refer to each cell
individually, or you can separate the references themselves with commas.

NOTE: You can use commas only with the Sum and Product functions.

For example, these formulas are equivalent:

Sum Example
-----------
{=SUM(A1) + SUM(C2) + SUM(B2)}
{=SUM(A1,C2,B2)}

Product Example
---------------
{=PRODUCT(A1) + PRODUCT(C2) + PRODUCT(B2)}
{=PRODUCT(A1,C2,B2)}

When you subtract or divide nonadjacent cells, you must refer to each cell
separately (that is, you cannot use commas), as in the following examples:

{=SUM(A1) - SUM(C2) - SUM(B3)}
{=SUM(A1) / SUM(C2) / SUM(B3)}

Relative Rererences
-------------------

Relative references are useful when you want a generic formula that doesn't refer
to specific cells. You can add and delete rows and maintain a correct result.
Relative references are also useful when you don't want to retype a formula. For
instance, if you want each cell in the fifth column to contain the sum of the
numbers of the first four columns in the same row, you can use a relative
reference. In this example, the field would resemble the following:

{=SUM(LEFT)}

You can also combine relative references with absolute references (references to
a specific cell).

Bookmark References
-------------------

You can apply a bookmark to the contents of any cell or field and use that
bookmark in a calculation. This can often simplify the construction of other
fields and can save typing.

For example, if you apply a bookmark called "Quantity_Sold" to the contents of
cell A3, you can refer to it in another cell.

{=Quantity_Sold*.10}
{=Quantity_Sold*SUM(B2)}
{=Quantity_Sold*Commission}

References to Avoid:

If you refer to an entire row or column and place the field within that range,
Word includes the field result in the calculation. Each time you update the
calculation, it will include itself in the result. This produces a different
result (even if none of the other numbers in the row or column have changed) and
yields unreliable results.

Examples of the Type of Field to Avoid
--------------------------------------
{=SUM(C:C)} adds the entire column, including the result. Each time
you update this field, the result is the sum of the column plus the
field's previous total. To prevent this behavior, use an absolute
reference instead, and place the field in another column.

Knowledge Base:

Q185404 WD97: Incorrect Value/Table Cell Inserted Referencing Bookmark

Q185402 WD97: Calculation in Form Field Shows Wrong Result

Q185398 WD97: How to Modify a Calculation Field to Appear Blank

Additional query words: display worksheet workbook simulate excel

======================================================================
Keywords          : kbdta kbfield word97 kbtable
Technology        : kbWordSearch kbWord97 kbWord97Search kbZNotKeyword2
Version           : :
Issue type        : kbinfo

=============================================================================
``````

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