Q181400: WD97: VBA Routines to Determine If Line or Document Is Empty
Article: Q181400 Product(s): Word 97 for Windows Version(s): WINDOWS:97 Operating System(s): Keyword(s): kbdta kbdtacode kbmacroexample word97 Last Modified: 13-MAY-2002 ------------------------------------------------------------------------------- The information in this article applies to: - Microsoft Word 97 for Windows ------------------------------------------------------------------------------- SUMMARY ======= When you write a Microsoft Visual Basic for Applications procedure, you may need to know whether or not the insertion point is positioned within an empty document or a blank document line. The sample procedures in this article determine whether the current line or document is empty and then display a message regarding the current status. MORE INFORMATION ================ Microsoft provides programming examples for illustration only, without warranty either expressed or implied, including, but not limited to, the implied warranties of merchantability and/or fitness for a particular purpose. This article assumes that you are familiar with the programming language being demonstrated and the tools used to create and debug procedures. Microsoft support professionals can help explain the functionality of a particular procedure, but they will not modify these examples to provide added functionality or construct procedures to meet your specific needs. If you have limited programming experience, you may want to contact a Microsoft Certified Partner or the Microsoft fee-based consulting line at (800) 936-5200. For more information about Microsoft Certified Partners, please visit the following Microsoft Web site: http://www.microsoft.com/partner/referral/ For more information about the support options that are available and about how to contact Microsoft, visit the following Microsoft Web site: http://support.microsoft.com/default.aspx?scid=fh;EN-US;CNTACTMS The following Visual Basic for Applications Sub procedure uses the predefined bookmark, "\Line," in combination with the Empty function to determine whether the current line is empty. Using this method will detect text as well as inline objects (such as an inline graphic) or floating objects anchored to the current line (such as a text box or drawing object). Sub IsLineEmpty() If ActiveDocument.Bookmarks("\Line").Empty Then MsgBox "The current line is empty." Else MsgBox "The current line is not empty." End If End Sub For more information about predefined bookmarks, click the Office Assistant while in the Visual Basic Editor, type "Predefined Bookmarks" (without the quotation marks), click Search, and then click to view "Predefined Bookmarks." NOTE: If the Assistant is hidden, click the Office Assistant button on the Standard toolbar. If the Assistant is not able to answer your query, please see the following article in the Microsoft Knowledge Base: Q176476 OFF: Office Assistant Not Answering Visual Basic Questions The following Visual Basic for Applications Sub and Function procedures use the StoryRanges property to loop through the StoryRanges collection of the active document. Using this method will detect text as well as inline objects (such as an inline graphic) or floating objects anchored to the current line (such as a text box or drawing object). Sub YourMacro() ' Call the IsDocEmpty function. If IsDocEmpty() Then MsgBox "The document is empty." Else MsgBox "The document contains text, objects or empty lines." End If End Sub Function IsDocEmpty() As Boolean ' Initialize function to True. IsDocEmpty = True For Each astory In ActiveDocument.StoryRanges ' Check for text. If the length of the ' current story is greater than one, then ' there is either text or more than one ' empty line. If Len(astory.Text) > 1 Then IsDocEmpty = False End If ' Check for Objects. ' Note: If there are no objects within ' the current story range, an error occurs. On Error Resume Next If astory.ShapeRange.Count > 0 Then If Err = 0 Then IsDocEmpty = False Else On Error GoTo 0 End If End If ' If something was found, then ' return to the calling routine with ' a value of False. If IsDocEmpty = False Then Exit Function Next End Function For more information about the StoryRanges property, click the Office Assistant while in the Visual Basic Editor, type "StoryRanges Property" (without the quotation marks) click Search, and then click to view "StoryRanges Property." NOTE: If the Assistant is hidden, click the Office Assistant button on the Standard toolbar. If the Assistant is not able to answer your query, please see the following article in the Microsoft Knowledge Base: Q176476 OFF: Office Assistant Not Answering Visual Basic Questions REFERENCES ========== For additional information, please see the following article in the Microsoft Knowledge Base: Q173707 OFF97: How to Run Sample Code from Knowledge Base Articles For more information about getting help with Visual Basic for Applications, please see the following article in the Microsoft Knowledge Base: Q163435 VBA: Programming Resources for Visual Basic for Applications Additional query words: wordcon In-Line routine routines ====================================================================== Keywords : kbdta kbdtacode kbmacroexample word97 Technology : kbWordSearch kbWord97 kbWord97Search kbZNotKeyword2 Version : WINDOWS:97 Issue type : kbhowto =============================================================================
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