Q80562: MTTOOL Test Miscellaneous Information
Article: Q80562 Product(s): Microsoft LAN Manager Version(s): Operating System(s): Keyword(s): Last Modified: 30-JUL-2001 SUMMARY ======= The following are questions and answers related to MTTOOL, the test utility provided in the Microsoft LAN Manager Network Device Driver Kit. MORE INFORMATION ================ 1. Q. The test script CLRST001.3 clears statistics and then checks the date and time in the Service Specific Status Table. A note in the NDIS 2.0.1 states this variable should be "0xffffffff" if date and time are not kept. However, after clearing the statistics, the script expects and checks for an entry in the date/time field. On receiving "0xffffffff" in the date/time field, the test believes it has encountered an error. Is this consistent behavior between the NDIS specification and the test? A. This is a discrepancy between the script, MAC implementation, the ClearStatistics primitive, and the definition of NOT_SUPPORTED in the Service Specific Status Table. The simplest method of verifying proper operation of ClearStatistics is the following: 1. Enter the MTTOOL interactive mode. 2. Type "stat" (without the quotation marks) at the prompt. This should give a list of the current statistics. 3. Identify the current values. 4. Type "clrstat" (without the quotation marks). 5. Type "+" (without the quotation marks). Examine the log and verify that ClearStatistics returned SUCCESS. 6. Press ENTER to return to the MTTOOL prompt. 7. Type "stat" (without the quotation marks) at the prompt. 8. Identify the statistics and verify that all the statistics that should have been reset were, and those that should not have been reset weren't. 2. Q. In the test script SLOOK001.6, the LookAhead length has been set to 256. We then transmit a packet of 512 bytes in length. The packet is received and echoed back. We then receive this packet through ReceiveLookAhead. The BytesAvail are 256 and the FrameSize is 512. Why does the test still complain although everything is supposedly in order? What is the minimum size of the buffer a MAC must have for LookAhead? A. The maximum size SetLookAhead can be called with is 256 bytes. This, however, does NOT imply that the MAC buffer set aside for LookAhead must to be restricted to 256. You can still set the LookAhead size to a value greater than 256 and return success. For example, some MACs START their LookAhead size from 256. This error usually occurs in the test because MTTOOL is expecting some other packet (this is a timing issue). The best way to work around this test to establish the validity of the test itself is to use the interactive MTTOOL and hand check it. 3. Q. Is the data_check option of BESTRES used during certification? A. Yes, always. It makes no sense to run a stress test and not check the integrity of the test data. If the data_check parameter is not specified, no checking of the frames passed to the protocol is performed. INT 3s are generated only if the data_check parameter is specified. Without the data_check parameter, pancake will accept whatever the MAC passes up the stack and disregard its correctness. Understandably, this is the most difficult part of the test to pass/master/debug. This is also the most critical part of testing. BESTRES and DOSTRES represent the most stress/network traffic that can be placed on a driver and card. 4. Q. Does an INT 3 represent anything besides data corruption? A. The business of stress testing and pancake is a very time-critical one. The INT 3 report may represent an as yet unencountered timing condition. 5. Q. How does MTTOOL check for data corruption? A. Pancake checks the frames sent to it from the MAC. This check first gets the length of the frame from the word at offset 0C in the frame. Pancake then proceeds to check the frame's data against its internal counter. Each byte is an AND of 0xff of its position within the frame. Therefore, the data should be as follows: 0E 0F 10 ... (Frame_Length & 0xff) IMPORTANT NOTE: Pancake builds one packet of max_length in memory. For the Ethernet, that is a packet of size 1514. Into this packet, pancake sets the packet length at 0C 0D and then sends it to the MAC. In other words, only the packet length changes the packet data. This makes it impossible for pancake to build a bad packet because the data is set before testing begins. 6. Q. The following errors occur when running tests from slow to fast machines: MACTB001.12 FAIL MACTB001.14 FAIL MACTB004.4 FAIL RESET001.6 FAIL SETPF001.15 FAIL SETPF001.19 FAIL The MACTB00x.x errors seem to be due to the use of MRECV with zero delay. This causes packets to be lost when the master machine is slower than the slave. Isn't this acceptable driver behavior, which should not report an error? A. This behavior is to be expected and even anticipated when a faster machine is pushing a slower one. Some percentage of packets sent from a fast machine to a slower will be lost. There are provisions in place to handle this situation. If the MAC supports the discarded frame's statistic, it should keep the value current. This condition would be very hard to check automatically because the DWORD in the Service Specific Status Table, which represents the total frames discarded, is not mandatory. To check this, MTTOOL would have to add the total frames received to the total frames discarded, then check that value against what it expected. Most MACs don't keep this statistic, which does not make this an attractive solution. Again, the only good way to check this is by hand. 7. Q. I call ReceiveLookAhead during my IndicationComplete routine. This is something the NDIS 2.0.1 encourages MAC developers to do. This sometimes leads to traps. Can I remove this feature? A. Microsoft is currently investigating the issue of IndicationComplete re-entrancy and will post new information here as it becomes available. Currently, however, all MAC drivers must provide for IndicationComplete re-entrancy. Additional query words: 2.00 2.10 2.10a 2.20 ====================================================================== Keywords : =============================================================================
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